LIRA projects 2018 Remodeling Spending Headed Back to Pre-Crisis Territory

The historically accurate Leading Indicator of Remodeling Activity (LIRA) projects industry growth above 7% for remainder of 2018

April 20, 2018
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Remodelers should expect spending on home improvement projects and repairs to increase this year at a rate not seen since before the downturn, according to the latest Leading Indicator of Remodeling Activity (LIRA) from Harvard University’s Joint Center for Housing Studies.

Last year was a gangbusters year for remodelers––spending grew at an annual rate above 6 percent, which amounted to a yearly spending increase of more than $15 billion.

If the 2018 projection proves accurate, that rate will rise to above 7 percent, the highest rate since Q1 2007 (when the rate of growth was 11.1 percent), with a spending increase of $23 billion.

Behind the increase are strengthening employment conditions and rising home values, JCHS Managing Director, Chris Herbert, explained in a statement accompanying the report. An analysis of the materials market and permit approvals gives Herbert an indication as to what projects the additional spending will be going towards. “Upward trends in retail sales of building materials and the growing number of remodeling permits indicate that homeowners are doing more—and larger—improvement projects.”

With any projection like LIRA’s, reliability is always a question, and the JCHS cautions that its data is designed to anticipate the short-term trajectory of remodeling spending growth, not to accurately project long-term spending. “It’s not intended to predict where the American Housing Survey benchmark will end up, which we can only update once every two years with new survey data,” says Abbe Will, research associate and associate project director for JCHS’s Remodeling Futures Program. “We identify turning points in the spending cycle.”

That being said, despite long-term accuracy not being a primary aim of the indicator, it is fairly accurate nonetheless.

That’s particularly true as it pertains to the improvements side of the market. Illustrated in the below graph are past JCHS improvement-spending projections as well as the actual expenditures as recorded by the AHS.

The two datasets (i.e., AHS benchmarks and LIRA-projected improvement spending) run along similar tracks. In stats talk, they’re correlated, and strongly. To give you some reference, correlation is measured on a scale of -1 to 1, with the negative being the strongest possible disagreement between two datasets, and the positive being the exact opposite. Over 20 years, LIRA projections on improvement have managed a correlation coefficient of 0.85.

There is less accuracy in JCHS’ maintenance, or repair, spending projections (shown above), and for simple reason: that side of the market is more volatile. “It was especially more volatile during the bust years,” Will says. Still, the correlation coefficient was 0.76, which indicates a pretty strong alignment.

“Ultimately, the LIRA does a good job tracking upturns and downturns in spending,” Will says, explaining that the figures balance out to a pretty dependable medium-term indicator.

An Evidence-Based Echo Chamber

If you’re looking for additional reports to corroborate at least the impression that remodelers are poised for a year of heavy demand, finding them will not be much trouble. Multiple outlets citing numerous sources have reported spending and confidence increases. In fact, just recently, the National Association of Homebuilders released its latest Remodeling Market Index, which showed a strong, continued confidence in both current and future market conditions. 

About the Author


About the Author


James McClister is managing editor for Professional Remodeler.

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