Best Practice: Fat-Wall Window Bucks

Carefully installed window bucks make for secure fastening and easy alignment of windows and exterior trim 

September 14, 2017
Installing fat-wall window bucks

All photos:

Wrapping a building with rigid insulation creates a tight thermal envelope that minimizes heat loss via conduction through the framing. At windows, it’s important to preserve that thermal break while also providing a solid nail base. David Joyce and his crew at Synergy Construction, in Lancaster, Mass., solved the problem on a recent deep energy retrofit on which they wrapped the building in two layers of 2-inch foam. After the first layer was installed, they framed the perimeter of window openings using 2-by material padded out with ½-inch plywood to match the 2-inch foam thickness. Here’s a step-by-step look at how they did it, adapted from a video at

Fat-Wall Window bucks-1This top piece spans a series of three identical windows. Calvin and David (in the hat) have fastened each end and are using a straightedge to make sure the 2-by isn’t bowed in the middle, which could create alignment problems later when the trim is installed.


Fat-Wall Window bucks-2In a bank of windows like this, making sure the wood bucks are straight and level helps with alignment during window installation. Here, David aligns an intermediate vertical buck with a centerline marked on the top piece to ensure even spacing.


Fat-Wall Window bucks-3Damien applies pressure to straighten a side buck while it’s fastened to the frame with a 6-inch screw. Countersinks for the screwheads are created ahead of time using a spade bit.


Fat-Wall Window bucks-4Fastening the bucks with screws can compress the foam and create a wavy surface. Use a straightedge and tighten or backout fasteners as necessary to make sure the bucks are flat.


Fat-Wall Window bucks-5The last step before installing the windows is to flash the opening. In this case, a starter strip for the second layer of foam was run under the windows, then cut on a bevel to promote drainage of any water that might penetrate the opening. The double layer of foam at the sills will be flashed with peeland- stick tape, so the wood bucks are omitted to promote drainage.

Next: Flashing the openings

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About the Author

Dan Morrison is editor-in-chief at; Sal Alfano is Pro Remodeler’s director of content. Thanks to David Joyce, Calvin Cutts, Damien Higgins, PJ Burke, and John Albert at Synergy Construction.

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